Развитие английского языка

История английского языка

Как появился, развивался и как происходил процесс становления английского языка.Начнем с того, что исторически английский язык развивался совместно с историей Англии...

100 Most Often Mispronounced Words and Phrases in English

Let's start with the old riddle:
What word is usually pronounced incorrectly? Incorrectly Put mouse on paw print for answer.


Don't say Do Say Comment

A

across
affidavit
Alzheimer's disease
Antarctic
Arctic
ask This mispronunciation has been around for so long (over 1,000 years) that linguist Mark Aronoff thinks we should cherish it as a part of our linguistic heritage. Most of us would give the axe to "aks."
athlete, athletic

B

barbiturate
barbed wire
business The change of [s] to [d] before [n] is spreading throughout the US and when the unaccented [I] drops from this word the [s] finds itself in the same environment as in "isn't" and "wasn't."
a blessing in disguise

C

cavalry
candidate
cardsharp
Carpal tunnel syndrome
The Caucasus
chest of drawers
champ at the bit
clothes
cornet

D

dilate
diphtheria
dog-eat-dog world
drown
duct tape

E

e'lectoral The accent is on the second, not the third, syllable and there is no [i] in it (not "electorial").
escape
espresso
et cetera
especially

F

February
federal Syncopation of an unaccented vowel is fairly common in rapid speech but in careful speech it should be avoided. See also "plute" and read more about the problem here.
film
founder
foliage
For all intents and purposes
fort

H

Heimlich maneuver (or manoeuvre, Br.)
height
herb

I

in parentheses
interpret This error results from the back-formation of "interpretate" from "interpretation." But back formation isn't needed; we already have "interpret." (See also 'orientate')
regardless
isn't Again, the struggle of [s] before [n]. (See also "bidness" and "wadn't")

J

jewelry The root of this word is "jewel" and that doesn't change for either "jeweler" or "jewelry." The British add a syllable: "jewellery" (See also its spelling.)
just

K

Ku Klux Klan

L

lambaste
larynx
law and order
lease
liable
library As mentioned before, English speakers dislike two [r]s in the same word. However, we have to buck up and pronounce them all.
long-lived

M

masonry
mauve
mayonnaise
miniature
moot
'mischievous

N

other
nuclear
nuptial

O

often
ordnance
orient Another pointless back-formation. We don't need this mispronunciation from "orientation" when we already have "orient." (See also "interpretate")
ostensibly
Australia

P

parliament
percolate
potable
prerogative
prescription
pernickety
peremptory
perspire
pollute This one, like "plice" [police], spose [suppose], and others, commonly result from rapid speech syncope, the loss of unaccented vowels. Just be sure you pronounce the vowel when you are speaking slowly. Read here for more on the problem.
probably
pronunciation

R

realtor As you avoid the extra vowel in "masonry," remember to do the same for "realtor," the guy who sells what the mason creates.
relevant
recur
respite Despite the spelling similarity, this word does not rhyme with despite; it is pronounced ['re-spit]. Give yourself a permanent respite from mispronouncing it.

S

sherbet Some of the same people who do not like two [r]s in their words can't help repeating the one in this word.
silicon
sneaked
so
spay
spit and image
stub
stamp
suite
supposedly
supremacist

T

tack
take for granted
tenet
tenterhooks
Tijuana
triathlon

U

utmost While this word does indicate that efforts are up, the word is "utmost," a(!) historical variation of "outmost."

V

verbiage
voluptuous

W

wasn't
way
whet

Y

yolk

Z

zoology

Выражение множественности


Для образования множественного числа исчисляемых существительных служит окончание –s. Для выражения множественности в английском языке служат слова типа many, much, a lot of, plenty of, обозначающие....




Вторая форма глагола


Вторая, или прошедшая, форма глагола обозначает формы типа: делал, писал, читал. Вторая форма большинства глаголов образуется с помощью окончания –ed ('call — called, play — played, paint — painted'). Однако ряд глаголов....




Все временные конструкции в активном залоге


  Present Past Future Future– in– the– Past
Simple (Indefinite) He sometimes, usually, often, rarely, seldom from time to time, always, never writes letters everyday, on Saturdays, at the weekend, in the....



Времена и месяцы года


Обратите внимание, что названия месяцев года всегда пишутся с большой буквы.


Winter зима
December декабрь
January январь
February февраль
spring весна
March март
April апрель
May май
summer лето
June июнь
July июль
August август
autumn осень
September сентябрь
October октябрь
November ноябрь
....



Грамматика - Виды вопросительных предложений


Общие вопросы образуются: вспомогательный (), или модальный, или + подлежащее + сказуемое (остальные глаголы) + остальные члены предложения.


Do you know her?
Have you seen her?
Can you do this?
Was it made....




Грамматика - Виды предложений


Повелительное наклонение образуется глаголом в неопределенной форме без частицы .


Close the door. Закрой дверь.
Don't do it! Не делай этого!


Побудительное наклонение образуется с помощью....